Injury Information

Injury by Sport

Common Injuries Associated with Various Sports.
Almost all these injuries can occur during participation in any sport or vigorous physical activity. The most likely ones associated with popular sports are listed below.

This list is by no means complete. If you note a glaring fault or an omission of an injury type or perhaps a sport, please email us at info@bodyassist.com. We will happily include it in the next update. Please be sure to include your name so we can thank you.

 

Aerobics
Muscle, ligament or tendon sprain or strain in any area of the shoulder, arms, abdominal wall, pelvis, legs, ankles and feet; "runner's knee"; shin splints; hamstring injury; foot or leg exostosis or stress fracture.
Archery
Epicondylitis ('Tennis elbow"); finger sprain or strain; strain of upper-arm muscles, especially biceps; pneumothorax; puncture wounds.
Badminton
Epicondylitis ("Tennis elbow"); shoulder-area bursitis; eye injury; shin splints; hematoma under toenail; contusions; abrasions; lacerations; sprain or strain of the shoulder, neck, back, arm, wrist, hip, upper leg, knee, lower leg or ankle.
Baseball
Epicondylitis ('Tennis elbow" or "pitcher's elbow"); strain of upper-arm muscles; olecranon elbow fracture; radio-humeral elbow-joint sprain; shoulder dislocation; acromio-clavicular strain; shoulder bursitis; shin splints; finger fracture or dislocation; lacerations; contusion; abrasion; puncture wound (from cleats); hematoma under fingernail or toenail.
Basketball
Finger dislocation or fracture; thumb sprain; ankle sprain; groin-muscle sprain; "runner's knee"; shin splints; shoulder dislocation; acromio-clavicular strain; shoulder bursitis; hematoma under toe nail; contusion; abrasion; laceration.
Boating (includes Sailing, Canoeing, Kayaking)
Cold injury (hypothermia); heat illness; wrist sprain or strain; shoulder tendonitis and bursitis; epicondylitis ('Tennis elbow"); knee contusion or abrasion (from kneeling); Head injuries, concussion.
Bowling
Epicondylitis ('Tennis elbow"); toe contusion; back, shoulder or arm sprain or strain.
Boxing
Facial laceration, especially around the eyes; jaw fracture; head injury, including concussion, epidural hematoma, subdural hematoma, or cauliflower ear; neck sprain or dislocation; internal abdominal injury to spleen, liver or kidney; hematoma under fingernail or toenail; contusions; abrasions.
Cycling
Perineum (area between the scrotum and anus in males, between the vagina and anus in females) contusion or pressure injury, causing numbness in genitals and upper legs; boils on buttocks due to heat and moisture; carpal-tunnel syndrome; "runner's knee"; sprain or strain of pelvic, upper-leg or lower-leg muscles, tendons, and ligaments; ankle sprain; contusions; abrasions; lacerations.
Diving
Hand, thumb, wrist or shoulder sprain or strain; head and neck injuries; back strain; Osgood-Schlatter disease.
Fencing
Hematoma under toenail; contusions; abrasions; lacerations; puncture wounds; back, shoulder or arm sprains or strains. Tennis Elbow condition is reasonably common. Shin splints & calf strains are also common.
Football (various codes)
Every injury listed. Most common ones include those to head, neck, knee, ankle, and pelvic and leg muscles.
Handball
Finger dislocation or fracture; thumb sprain; ankle sprain; groin-muscle sprain; runner's knee"; shin splints; shoulder dislocation; acromio-clavicular strain; shoulder bursitis; hematoma under fingernail or toenail; contusions; abrasions; lacerations.
Hiking & Backpacking
Muscle, ligament or tendon strain or sprain in any areas of the shoulder, arms, abdominal wall, pelvis, legs, ankles or feet; "runner's knee"; shin splints; hamstring pull; foot or leg exostosis; stress-fracture; hematoma under toenail; contusion; abrasion; laceration; puncture wound; snakebite.
Hockey
Every injury listed. The most common ones include those to the head, neck, knee, ankle, and pelvic or leg muscles.
Golf
Epicondylitis ('Tennis elbow"); shoulder bursitis and tendonitis; upper back sprain; contusions or head injury from flying balls.
Gymnastics
Neck or back strain; radius (bone in forearm) stress-fracture; shoulder, elbow, wrist, knee, ankle or foot sprain or strain; Osgood-Schlatter disease; shin splints; hematoma under nail bed; contusions; abrasions; lacerations.
Jogging
Muscle, ligament or tendon sprain or strain in any area of the shoulder, arms, abdominal wall, pelvis, legs, ankles and feet; runner's knee"; shin splints; hamstring injury; foot or leg exostosis or stress-fracture; contusions; abrasions; lacerations; puncture wounds; snakebite.
Lacrosse
Every injury listed. Most common ones include those to head, neck, knee, ankle, and pelvic and leg muscles
Lawn Bowls
Epicondylitis ('Tennis elbow"); toe contusion; back, knee, shoulder, finger/thumb or arm sprain or strain.
Mountain Climbing
Abrasions; contusions; lacerations; shin splints; dislocation, fracture, sprain or strain of any muscle group or joint; snakebite; head injuries; internal chest or abdomen injury; altitude sickness; dehydration; cold injury (hypothermia or frostbite).
Racquetball
Eye injury; hematoma under toenail; contusions; abrasions; lacerations; shoulder-area bursitis; sprain or strain of the shoulder, neck, back, arm, wrist, hip, upper leg, knee, lower leg or ankle; shin splints; epicondylitis ('Tennis elbow").
Track & Field Events (Sprints, Relays, High Jump, Discus, Long Jump, Hurdles, Javelin Throw, Pole Vault, Shot Put)
Muscle, ligament or tendon sprain or strain of all areas of the shoulder, arms, abdominal wall, pelvis, legs, ankles and feet; "runner's knee"; shin splints; hamstring injury; foot or leg exostosis or stress-fracture; hematoma under toe nail; contusions; abrasions; lacerations; puncture wounds. Skating (Ice Skating, Roller Skating): Coccyx (tailbone) fracture or contusion from falling; cold injury (ice skating only); foot stress fracture; "runner's knee"; shin splints; Osgood-Schlatter disease; sprain or strain in the upper leg, knee, lower leg, ankle or foot; hematoma under toenail; contusions; abrasions; lacerations;.
Skiing (Downhill Skiing, Slalom Skiing, Cross-Country Skiing)
Osgood-Schlatter disease; shin splints; hematoma under toenail; contusions; abrasions; lacerations; sprain or strain of ligaments, muscles or tendons of the back, neck, shoulder, chest, abdominal wall, arm, wrist, pelvis, leg, knee, ankle 6r foot; knee-cartilage injury; tendonitis and bursitis of the shoulder, knee or hip; epicondylitis ('Tennis elbow"); dehydration; altitude sickness; cold injury (hypothermia); sunburn; injury to the retina of the eye from sun glare.
Soccer
Every injury listed. The most common ones are those to the hips, pelvis and lower extremities.
Softball: Epicondylitis ('Tennis elbow" or "pitcher's elbow")
strain of upper-arm muscles; olecranon elbow fracture; radio-humeral elbow-joint sprain; shoulder dislocation; acromio-clavicular strain; shoulder bursitis; shin splints; finger fracture or dislocation; lacerations; contusions; abrasions; puncture wound (from cleats); hematoma under fingernail or toenail.
Squash
Eye injury; hematoma under toenail; contusions; abrasions; lacerations; shoulder-area bursitis; sprain or strain of the shoulder, neck, back, arm, wrist, hip, upper leg, knee, lower leg or ankle; shin splints; epicondylitis ("tennis elbow").
Swimming
Eye injury (from pool chemicals); verruca (warts) from poolside damp areas; sprain or strain of the shoulder, lower back, hip or knee areas; cold injury (hypothermia); sunburn.
Scuba Diving
Decompression illness; contact dermatitis (skin rash) if hypersensitive to wet suit material.
Surfing
Head injuries; sprain or strain of the shoulder, lower back, hip or knee; shin splints; cold injury (hypothermia); sunburn; contact dermatitis from wax on surfboard and sensitivity to wet suits; contusions; abrasions; lacerations.
Tennis
Epicondylitis ("Tennis elbow"); shoulder-area bursitis; eye injury; shin splints; hematoma under toenail; contusions; abrasions; lacerations; sprain or strain of the shoulder, neck, back, arm, wrist, hip, upper leg, knee, lower leg or ankle.
Trampoline
Sprain or strain of hand, thumb, wrist or shoulder; head and neck injuries; back strain; Osgood-Schlatter disease.
Volleyball
Finger dislocation or fracture; thumb sprain; ankle sprain; shin splints; groin-muscle sprain; runner's knee"; shoulder dislocation; acromio-clavicular strain; shoulder bursitis; hematoma under fingernail or toenail; contusions; abrasions; lacerations.
Water skiing
Head injuries; epicondylitis ('Tennis elbow"); contusions; abrasions; lacerations; sprain or strain of the back, neck, shoulder, chest, abdominal wall, arm, wrist, pelvis, leg, knee, ankle or foot; shin splints; knee-cartilage injury; tendonitis and bursitis of the shoulder, knee or hip; cold injury (hypothermia); sunburn; injury to the retina of the eye from sun glare.
Water Polo
Eye injury (from pool chemicals); verruca (warts) from poolside damp areas; sprain or strain of the shoulder, lower back, hip or knee; cold injury (hypothermia); sunburn; contusions; abrasions; lacerations.
Weight-Lifting
Strain or sprain of the muscles, tendons or ligaments of the neck, shoulder, arm, wrist, fingers, abdominal wall, hip, pelvis, leg (especially quadriceps), knee, ankle, foot or toes; elbow dislocation; dehydration from fluid loss due to sweating
Wrestling
Laceration of areas around the eyes; head injury, including concussion, epidural hematoma, subdural hematoma and cauliflower ear; neck sprain or dislocation; internal abdominal injuries to the spleen, liver or kidney; hematoma under fingernail or toenail; contusions; abrasions; shoulder dislocation. Almost any other injury is possible, but because this sport is usually well-supervised, injuries are minimal.

Osgood-Schlatter Disease

Osgood-Schlatter Disease?

Osgood-Schlatter disease is a common cause of specific knee pain, that may occur in one or both knees, to pre-teens or teenagers. Generally there will be swelling, pain and tenderness just below the knee. It is usually found to occur in boys who experience a growth spurt around the time of their teens.

What causes it?

Osgood-Schlatter disease usually results from muscle pull at the front of the thigh (quadriceps). This muscle is connected to the patellar tendon, which in turn connects to the tibia (bone). As soon as the quadriceps muscle contract, the patellar tendon will tend to pull away from the shin bone. This can cause pain. The problem becomes more noticeable during activity. For example you may find this occurs when jogging, hiking, jumping or traveling up or down stairs. This condition is commonly found in children who play an excessive amount of sport (e.g. football, soccer or basketball). Many similar activities can also be the cause of this condition. Osgood-Schlatter disease usually dissipates with time. When the patient stops growing rapidly, the condition is likely to disappear. The patellar tendons become much stronger & will not pull away from the shin bone as it may have previously.

Osgood-Schlatter disease treatment?

Your doctor may advise the patient to cut down on time spent playing, until the pain has been gone 2-3 months. They may need to avoid any activity that requires deep knee bending. In addition one may need to run at a slower speed, for a shorter amount of time. REST is one of the best ways of combating this disease.

How can the pain be treated?

Ice can be applied to the areas to help prevent further swelling & pain. The knee can be supported with an elastic bandage. A brace that will reduce tension on the patellar tendons and quadriceps may help. A good calf support may also be appropriate.

What can be done to prevent the disease from happening again?

Exercises that involve straight leg raises, leg curls and quadriceps contractions could assist to strengthen the quadriceps and hamstrings.

SO there you are! Now you know.........